The concept of a homologous Scotland is a myth, historically and contemporaneously.
It is a recurring theme of nationalism, Scots, Welsh and Irish, that there is no such thing as a homologous U.K. They assert that in fact the British Isles consists of three separate nation states that want to be independent countries again and that the U.K. is an artificial construct based on English military aggression-the 'Imperialism' argument. They also state that the peoples of these three parts of the British Isles, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, are populated by peoples of a different background and outlook. These factors, they claim, make the idea that the U.K. is a unitary state impossible.
The irony is that this argument is applicable to Scotland herself. Throughout history, there has never been such a thing as a single homologous entity called 'Scotland' or indeed a universally accepted idea of what it means to be ‘Scottish’.
The indigenous inhabitants of Northern Britain in the Dark Ages were the Picts. They coexisted with the peoples who lived in the southern half of the British Isles and actually enjoyed good relations and trading agreements with them. Then the Gaels invaded from Ireland and subjugated the native Picts, much like the current Scots claim the English did to them (you could argue that Scotland was created by the military oppression of the native Picts by the imperialist Caledonians-a supreme irony). It was these Celts from Ireland that began to act aggressively towards their neighbours down South with warlike raids into the lower part if the British Isles.
The Shetland and Orkney Islands were settled around this time by various groups of Vikings from Scandinavia and they developed their own separate culture that was very different from that of the rest of North Britain and they never considered themselves to be part of 'Scotland'.
Moving into the Middle Ages, Scotland under the Celts was a seething cauldron of warring factions, clans and royal houses. Scotland during this period was an unstable hodgepodge.
This situation persisted into the early modern period (1485-roughly 1700) with clan and dynastic rivalries dominating Scottish politics throughout the period.
The modern period (1707-present) retained roughly the same pattern with a patchwork quilt of competing groups, peoples and clans fighting each other for power under the newly created Great Britain. The outlying islands still considered themselves to be different and separate from Scotland, as did many regions of the mainland. This was reflected in the fact that during the Jacobite rebellions more Scots backed the Hanoverian forces than that of the Pretenders. Clan rivalry was extremely strong and very vicious at times. Scotland wasn't one united country at all but a smorgasbord of different people with differing outlooks who were often very antagonistic to one another. There was no such thing as a universally (or even generally) accepted concept of 'Scottishness' as the SNP would have us believe.
The United Kingdom then entered the age of the cultural-Marxist hegemony. Since the beginning of age of the dominance of the left-liberal elite in British life in 1997, a political, moral, social and economic transformation has swept virtually all aspects of life here in the U.K. Over the following twenty years, this elite has more or less completely established a stranglehold on this country, establishing a dominance that hasn't been seen for a long time. Unfortunately, virtually all of this change has been for the worst.
The left-liberal elite introduced legislative devolution, which has made the U.K. unstable. The U.K. used to be a mature and stable democracy. Things weren’t perfect, but compared to other countries we were doing extremely well as a polity and society. All this changed with the introduction of legislative devolution in the late 90’s. This enabled aggressive nationalism to rise to prominence and the result in the areas into which legislative devolution had been introduced has been that the U.K. has become substantially less stable. in Scotland, the SNP have simply ignored their devolved remit and pushed for independence which has led to massive political and economic uncertainty over Scotland’s place in the U.K. with deleterious consequences for her prospects. In Ulster, Stormont has been a national embarrassment with a series of short-lived coalition executive administrations which have achieved very little for Northern Ireland. Wales has been a little more stable but legislative devolution has led to significantly worse governance for the Welsh with Welsh educational standards plummeting, the Welsh NHS has been plunged into crisis with Welsh patients having to travel to England to receive treatment and the collapse due to assembly mismanagement of Welsh agriculture.
Legislative devolution has been a destabilizing influence on the U.K., politically and economically, as well as a massive failure.
This country has witnessed many sea-changes in its history-The Renaissance, the Tudor revolution in government in the Sixteenth Century, the Reformation, to name but a few. All of these examples have been positive, with some caveats and have progressed the sum of human happiness. However, all change is not positive and the desire to simply assume that all change must be a positive thing is one of the biggest fallacies behind thinking in this country in the post-1945 period.
Both the right and the left, Labour and Conservatives, have embraced the false spirit of leftist 'progressiveness'. They have collaborated in and helped advance the dissolution in the moral, social, economic, political, constitutional and governmental dimensions of the U.K. The U.K .has gone from being a stable, more or less homologous country to being like some South American banana republic-chaotic, unstable (with elections and referenda every five minutes) a mess that is rapidly advancing toward dissolution. All the advances, political, social, philosophical that this country has made over the last thousand years are being reversed. like the U.K. is in Pol Pot's year zero Cambodia.
Scotland in the Twenty First Century retains this pattern of being a collection of different peoples and outlooks, rather than one homologous people. Views vary on what it means to be Scottish depending on where you are in Northern Britain. The Orkney and Shetland Isles still don't consider themselves Scottish and neither do many parts of the mainland. Indeed, the Shetlands have stated that, in the event of Scottish independence, they would wish to remain part of the rU.K.
The concept of an all embracing 'Scottishness' is an invention of Scottish nationalism, a device designed to enable them to establish a reason for their existence and to mask the basic fact that they have nothing behind them except a naked hatred of England and the English based on a skewed nationalist narrative that falls away under critical scrutiny and the revelation of empirical fact.
The concept of a unitary, homologous country called ‘Scotland’ is, and has always been; a myth created and sponsored by nationalism.
© Stephen Bailey 2018.